and the Prospecting Methods
Geophysics is the science that studies the physical
phenomena produced in our planet. Among these stand out the electromagnetism,
the mechanical waves propagation in the earth's crust and the gravity.
This science may be defined as the application of physics and geology
to the study of the materials that compose the earth's crust and
the force field that arises of it and exerts its influence to the
Inside of applied Geophysics are relevant the Geophysical prospectings
and explorations through which this science investigates and defines
particular geological formation and /or mineralized rocks with practical
interest, suitable to the industrial exploitation.
The field to study in the prospection corresponds to the effects
produced by the rocks and metallic minerals in anomalous areas (detoured
of the background), among these stand out: the gravitatory attraction
force, the radioactive desintegration, the spontaneous electric
current, the electrical resistency of the ground, the speed of the
seismic waves, etc.